Quebec and Ontario

If you are not interested in the trip itself but only in my list of birds, please click here.

11 July 2005.

We left Roissy Charles de Gaulle airport on an Air Transat Company aircraft and, right from the start, we felt we were already in Canada because we were flying with Robert Charlebois, the famous Québécois singer. It was a pleasant flight even if we were a little disappointed by the service provided by the company we had chosen. Six hours later, we took a taxi to the hôtel Saint-André. It is not a luxury hotel but it is comfortable and beautifully located for someone who wants to visit the city.

Ring-billed Gulls

12 July.

It was hot and damp and we appreciated the shade of the trees in the Mont Royal Park. I had hardly walked in when I had the opportunity to take a picture of a young Red-tailed Hawk. Many people were jogging in spite of the heat but as we didn't feel up to it, we decided to take shelter in the "subterranean city". This term may be applied to the huge shopping mall located underground where it is not too hot in summer and not too cold in winter. From what we had been told, temperatures reach -30° C quite frequently in January there. The shop windows are great and there are many of them. This is THE place to visit if you are a woman and you will no doubt find what you need there.

Red-tailed Hawk

13 July.

We spent that day walking in the streets, especially in Old Montreal whose architecture is so different from the city centre where huge modern buildings can be seen side by side, just as in any large American city. Although we took some pleasure sticking our necks up to see the skyscrapers, we preferred the small streets, the squares and the restaurants of the rue Saint Paul or the Petit Champlain quarter. The Old Town is very busy and there are street shows everywhere. There were mimes and music bands a lot of passers-by. Everywhere touts asked us to come in and have something to eat in one of the many restaurants. You can also browse in the souvenir shops where you will find anything, from the ugliest objects to real art. It's a pity the former are much easier to carry home in your suitcase than the latter.

 

The underground shopping mall in Montreal



14 July.

This is Bastille Day and we were to spend it with Michel Bertrand, one of the best ornithologists in Quebec. Thanks to his precious help, I was able to see many more birds than if I had been alone. He knows where to find them and will tell you what to note in order not to mistake two birds which look alike. Later on, when he was no longer with us, I put his precious advice to good use. Thanks ever so much, Michel.

We went as far as the border with the USA, stopping here and there, always in the hope of finding a new species for me. The temperature reached 30°C, the atmosphere was moist and there were also a few midges or mosquitoes which kept pestering us but this was not really important. It turned out better than expected. It is a pleasure to remember the Short-billed Dowitchers, the Greater and Lesser Yellowlegs side by side to make comparisons easier but I was especially happy with the beautiful American Redstart, Rufous-sided Towhee and Indigo Bunting. There were all kinds of Buntings which I found difficult to separate at that time and various wrens that kept hiding away. We finally managed to see them thanks to Michel's persistence and we were also lucky enough to see Bobolinks and Rose-breasted Grosbeaks. We ended this birdwatching outing in the Beauharnois natural park, where we took a look at a huge colony of Great blue Herons.

 

 

The Beauharnois Marsh



15 July.

We took the train to Toronto and really enjoyed the trip. You are being attended to as if you were an aircraft passenger. Old or handicapped people come first and we had not luggage to carry as it was loaded in a special compartment. Nobody waited on a platform but in a waiting-room, as should always be the case and everybody queued up to board the train. No hustle and bustle. Of course the trains are a bit slower than in France and the landscape between Montreal and Toronto is rather boring but we were on holiday. Sipping a cup of coffee, I watched through the window and saw an Osprey on a tree in a marsh and a Sandwich Tern flying above the Saint-Lawrence river. When we arrived, we went to the Bond Place Hotel, located in the middle of the city, in a very busy area.

 

An underground shopping mall in Toronto

 

 

16 July.

The site attracting the greatest number of tourists in Toronto must be the CN Tower. It is a concrete arrow towering at 553 m and even 625 if you include its antenna. We decided going to the gondola hanging 346 m above the ground was high enough for us. The view to the city is beautiful up there and you can also walk on a glass floor if you feel like it. Don't do it if you suffer from vertigo. After that, we took a stroll in the streets and noted that Toronto is quite different from Montreal. There are huge buildings here, some of them quite beautiful and hardly anybody speaks French.

 

The CN Tower

 

17 July.

If we came to Toronto, it was above all to go to the Niagara Falls. We had booked seats in a coach and travelled with other tourists. On our way there, a heavy shower cooled us off a bit but it was still very hot when we reached the city of Niagara Falls. I had expected some form of disappointment because these falls are so famous you may feel you have already seen them in some previous life. I admit it was not the case and travelling on the "Maid of the Mist" to the very foot of the falls was a lifetime experience. This place is famous as a honeymoon resort but there are many more ordinary tourists too. Looking around, I noted 4 Peregrine Falcons flying over the river for a prey or perhaps just for fun as there were at least two young ones. We drove farther down to the charming town of Niagara-on-the-Lake which has kept a typically British atmosphere. We had just time enough to buy an ice-dream and we were off on our way back to Toronto.

 

The Maid of the Mist

 

18 July.

We took the train to return to Montreal where we arrived late in the afternoon. In the evening, we visited the Old Town.

 

One of the many churches you can find in the Province of Quebec

 

19 July.

I picked up the car I had rented from France. I was given a fully automatic 4-wheel drive Explorer and as usual, it took me a few miles to get used to it. The landscape between Toronto and Quebec is very ordinary except for the Saint-Lawrence becoming wider and wider. In the town of Deschambault, I met 2 local birdwatchers who told me there were 12 Bald Eagles on the spot. I managed to find four of them in their telescopes and we made friends very quickly as birdwatching knows no borders. They gave me some information on the Léon Provencher marshes in Neuville where we decided to go. This is where I twitched the Wood Ducks and the American Black Duck. I would have liked to spend some more time there but we had booked a room at the Hôtel du Gouverneur in Sainte-Foy, in the suburbs of Quebec City. This is where we ate delicious mussels that the chef cooked with mustard while we were chatting with him. We spent a wonderful time in this hotel which offers an excellent buffet. As the bus connections to Quebec City were excellent, I returned the car I had rented.

 

The Parliament in Quebec City

 

20 July.

We had a great time walking in the small streets of the Old Town and took a guided tour of Château Frontenac which is actually a luxury hotel accommodating a lot of worldwide celebrities. The actual building is superb and the reception hall is nice but I wasn't otherwise impressed by the inside decoration.

 

Château Frontenac

 

21 July.

We spent yet another day strolling in the city, watched the changing of the guard and visited the Governor's residence. The outside of the building is rather plain but the inside is worth a visit. The furniture has a real touch of class and the rooms are decorated with many works of art. Outside, I tasted a local pastry called a "Queue de castor" (Beaver tail) on the Dufferin Terrace. The view on the Saint-Lawrence is magnificent and the weather was still gorgeous.

 

Ring-billed Gull

 

22 July.

I collected a rented car and was once more given a medium-sized 4-wheel drive instead of the smaller car I had ordered. We made a stop at Cape Tourmente in Saint-Joachim which is famous the world over because thousands of Snow Geese stop while migrating. Few birds were present on the site but we had been told there was a Black Bear in the vicinity. We wanted to see it and we were given a lot of advice on what not to do to catch it unawares and risk being attacked. The problem is you need a good stroke of luck just to see it. Walking on the paths of the park, we were all eyes and all ears but could never catch the slightest glimpse of this beautiful animal. I was however pleased to see a Ruby-throated Hummingbird coming to feed at the information centre, a Yellow-bellied Flycatcher, a few Bobolinks and even a Bald Eagle. In the evening, we reached Saint-Siméon, at the entrance to the Saguenay Saint-Lawrence maritime park, the best place to spot whales. Walking on a wharf in the evening, we saw a few Minke Whales and Grey Seals.

From then on, we no longer booked hotel rooms in advance but we never had any trouble because we always tried to find one early enough in the afternoon.

 

Canada Goose

 

23 July.

We left Saint-Siméon to drive round the Saguenay fjord via Chicoutimi. The vegetation there is typical of northern countries and forests stretch on either side of the road. I expected to see a few birds of prey but saw none. Porcupines were much easier to see ... as roadkill. On the way, I spotted about 20 Buffleheads and even an Atlantic Salmon which dodged all the efforts made by a local angler. The road twisted up and down in the middle of coniferous forests dotted with peat bogs. In the evening, we slept in the Motel de l'Anse à l'Eau in Tadoussac after we had visited a maritime fauna museum. If you want to eat something really Canadian and have a good view on the Saint-Lawrence, go to the Bateau restaurant where the all-you-can-eat buffet is offered at a reasonable price.

 

In the Saguenay natural park

 

24 July.

Tadoussac is a pleasant and very touristic little town. You can't miss the very beautiful red hotel bearing the name of the town. Not far from there, tourists take boats to go and see whales. Of course, prices are much higher there than elsewhere. Stopping by the side of the Saint-Lawrence we clearly saw about a dozen Belugas but we decided to look for them later on as we were keen to see the Gaspesie Peninsula and therefore took the boat to Rivière-au-Loup, on the southern bank of the river. After a few miles on a rather boring road we reached the Bic natural park which is a very famous place there and where it was more difficult to find accommodation. We were a little disappointed with the scenery as we had expected something much more spectacular and we already missed Manicouagan on the other side of the river. The scenic places were probably for later on.

 

Belugas in the Saint-Lawrence (you've got to trust me!)

 

25 July.

The weather was much cooler then and it even rained a little. We drove on along the river to go round the peninsula, stopping here and there. I noted a few Least Sandpipers, Great Northern Divers, one Semipalmated Sandpiper and a lot of Common Eiders and Black Guillemots. In the evening, coming back from the restaurant in Sainte-Anne des Monts, I heard a regular noise coming from one of my wheels so I pulled up. Checking my tyres I found a large screw already half way down in one of them. Thanks to the thick rubber there was not damage. I must admit it was the first time I was really happy to have hired a large 4-wheel drive.

 

One of the numerous lakes in the Province of Quebec

 

26 July.

We left the coast for a few hours and decided to drive through the national park of Gaspesie and especially in the fauna reserve of Mounts Chic-Choc. We wanted to see Black Bear, Caribou or Moose but after driving for over 30 km on a dusty and stony road, hardly ever coming across another car, we decided to return to a more densely populated area. Because of what had happened the day before and knowing we wouldn't have been able to call anyone, we had become more prudent. Still, we saw a few Eastern Chipmunks, a Woodchuck, a Wood Duck and a Ruffed Grouse waiting impatiently for her 11 chicks to cross the road in front of us. In the evening, after we had driven up 15% steep slopes, we reached Rivière-au-Renard where we spent the night at the "Caribou", a nice motel with a view on the Saint-Lawrence whose northern coast was hardly visible. In the evening, hundreds of Northern Gannets and Black-legged Kittiwakes were following the river in the direction of their nesting sites.

 

Mounts Chic-Choc fauna reserve

 

A beaver dam

 

27 July.

The weather was not very nice and much cooler. We had reached the outermost point of Gaspesie and visited Forillon natural park. With its breathtaking cliffs towering above the Atlantic Ocean, the scenery was at long last up to our expectations. From the top of one of them I saw my first Bonaparte's Gulls and a Harbour Seal. A little farther, a Porcupine slowly came out of a meadow and awkwardly crossed he road in front of me, only 2 metres away. We drove on as far as Percé where we watched the famous split rock. I was lucky enough to spot several Razorbills and an Atlantic Puffin. We would have liked to take the boat to Bonaventure Island but we still had a long way to drive, all the more so as we had decided to come back to Manicouagan to try to see a Black Bear and have a better look at whales. In the evening, hardly had we sat down in a restaurant in Port Daniel that, from the window overlooking the sea I saw three Surf Scoters, a Red-necked Grebe and two Great Northern Divers.

 

Harbour Seal

 

28 July.

We had a hearty brunch and were off on the road again, on our way back. We would not go any further east. From the top of Mount Joseph in Carleton, we had a nice view on the Baie des Chaleurs and New-Brunswick. We also went round the Miguasha peninsula, famous the world over for its cliff full of fossils but did not spend much time there. On a sandbar, I found a Grey Plover and 4 Semipalmated Plovers together with other waders. That day was the anniversary of what is called the "Grand Dérangement" in Quebec. This day commemorates the time when thousands of French people were forced to move away and many Acadian flags had been hoisted on public buildings. We noted that they were similar to the French flag, except for an additional star in the blue part.

 

In Manicouagan

 

29 July.

We drove along the Matapedia river to come back to the southern bank of the Saint-Lawrence, stopping here and there to have a look at a few covered bridges before taking the boat from Matane to Baie Comeau. I had booked a room by telephone but once at the motel, I noted nobody was expecting us. The people there were not very professional but quite friendly and we finally managed to find a room to sleep in.

 

A covered bridge

 

30 July.

The weather was beautiful but it was chilly. In spite of this, I did a little birdwatching before breakfast. From the top of a rocky slope, I saw a Nashville Warbler and two White-throated Sparrows. Apparently, this bird was a pretty common one in the area because I could hear its melodious whistle quite often. In order to make the most of this pleasant area, we went to the "Parc aux Outardes", the local name for Canada Geese. We saw a Red Squirrel, much smaller than our Common Squirrel. Although I had been told there were no bears in the park, I found a tree whose bark had been completely scraped off one metre from the bottom upwards. Another guide I met on the way admitted a bear had actually been seen there 3 days before. Apparently, they didn't want to scare tourists away. We then drove up road 389 leading to Labrador and Newfoundland, some 500 km away, to reach Manic 2, a hydro-electric barrage. We had made an appointment with a guide who pledged he could show bears, without taking any risks. I was sure they were baited to some place in the forest but I was too keen to this animal so we followed him onto the spot. We finally saw them and learnt they avoid contacts with humans but are extremely quick and strong and can be dangerous if caught unawares.

 

Black Bear

 

31 July.

Early in the morning, a Merlin attacked me. It stooped on me even if I clearly was not near its nesting place. I had been exactly in the same spot the day before and never triggered off any hostile reaction. A few minutes later, another Merlin came and hunted this bird away. After breakfast, we left Baie Comeau for Tadoussac. While driving, a Pileated Woodpecker flew past my car but I could only see it for one or two seconds. Too bad! Stopping on the way, I had the opportunity to watch Semipalmated Sandpipers and Semipalmated Plovers. I had a good view of them with my binoculars but I still regretted I had had to leave my spotting scope at home.

1 August.

Just our luck! On the very day we went to look for whales, it started raining. The weather was much colder and there were even thick patches of fog on the Saint-Lawrence. The zodiac rushed on the river and the rain lashed against our faces but fortunately enough, we had been told to dress warmly. The fog lifted little by little and we finally could see the whales a little better than from the river bank. We saw a few Minke Whales, two or three much bigger Fin Whales, Harbour Porpoise but the Belugas never approached us. Unless you insist on seeing Fin Whales, paying for such a trip is useless because you can see them together with Belugas from the strand if you have a good pair of binoculars. We also tried to find a Blue Whale, which had been observed during the previous days but to no avail. We were shivering with cold but nonetheless happy and we then drove off to Quebec City where we found a motel in the suburbs.

 

Minke Whale

 

Fin Whale

 

A Fin Whale blowing

 

2 August.

We didn't stay too long in Quebec City and, following the southern bank of the river, drove back to Montreal where we returned our car. We were accommodated in the same hotel as before and we had a few hours to spend in the historical parts of the city. A violent thunderstorm broke out while we were visiting the Town Hall. In the evening, we learnt that another thunderstorm had struck Toronto at the same time, just when a plane coming from Paris landed. It left the runway and burst in flames. Fortunately, nobody was hurt. We thought plane crashes don't happen too frequently and crossed our fingers in view of the following day, when we had to return to France.

 

Montreal

 

3 August.

We still had half-a-day to wait so we decided to go to Mont-Royal again. The Grey Squirrels were still as cheeky and were hoping to get some food whenever someone sat down on a bench. In a small shortcut in the middle of the woods, I twitched the Eastern Wood-Pewee. It perched itself on a small branch to catch insects, right in front of me. Not far away, a Hairy Woodpecker was climbing along the same tree-trunk as 2 Pileated Woodpeckers which I observed for quite a long time. They were hammering at the branches, chipping off large pieces of wood. The numerous holes in the rotten trunks were a clear indication I was in their usual feeding place.

 

Grey Squirrel

 

The heat was oppressive when we were downtown again, in the middle of the huge concrete and glass skyscrapers. We cooled of a little in Marie Reine du Monde Cathedral before going back to the hotel and away to the airport. There, people were reading newspapers but nobody said a word about the plane which had burnt the day before.

4 August.

After a 6 and a half hour's flight, we were back in the hustle and bustle of Paris and noted there were still as many grumbling people as before.

 


 

To identify birds, I used the "Field Guide to the Birds of North America" published by the National Geographic Society and the "Guide d'Identification des Oiseaux du Québec et des Maritimes" by Jean Paquin and Ghislain Caron published by Michel Quintin. This book comes with a CD of bird songs and is very convenient in the field because it only deals with the birds you can see in this area. Its plastic cover is very useful when you're out.

 

 

List of bird species:

 

001 Great Northern Diver Gavia immer Commoner than expected.
002 Double-crested Cormorant Phalacrocorax auritus Common.
003 Red-necked Grebe Podiceps griseigena One bird in Newport, seen from the dining-room in a restaurant.
004 Pied-billed Grebe Podilymbus podiceps Rather common.
005 Razorbill Alca torda A few birds at Percé.
006 Black Guillemot Cepphus grylle Common in the estuary.
007 Atlantic Puffin Fratercula artica One immature at Percé.
008 Surf Scoter Melanitta perspicillata 3 birds only.
009 Common Eider Somateria mollissima Very common in the estuary.
010 Common Merganser Mergus merganser Rather common.
011 Common Goldeneye Bucephala clangula A female in the harbour at Rivière-au-Renard.
012 Bufflehead Bucephala albeola Rare. A small group at La Baie, Saguenay Park.
013 Canada Goose Branta canadensis Seen mainly in the Parc aux Outardes.
014 American Black Duck Anas rubripes A few. It is definitely not black!
015 Gadwall Anas strepera A few.
016 Mallard Anas platyrhynchos Very common.
017 Wood Duck Aix sponsa Rather common.
018 Common Moorhen Gallinula chloropus A few birds.
019 American Coot Fulica americana Don't expect to see as many of them as you might see Common Coot (Fulica atra) in Europe. Seen once from the train.
020 Great Blue Heron Ardea herodias Rather common.
021 Great White Egret Casmerodius albus One bird at Saint-Pierrey.
022 Green Heron Butorides virescens Rather common.
023 Black-crowned Night-Heron Nycticorax nycticorax Seen a few times.
024 Grey Plover Pluvialis squatarola One bird only.
025 Semipalmated Plover Charadrius semipalmatus A few birds. Looks a lot like the Ringed Plover (Charadrius hiaticula).
026 Killdeer Charadrius vociferus Rather common.
027 Whimbrel Numenius phaeopus One migrating bird seen on a mud bank along the Saint-Lawrence.
028 Greater Yellowlegs Tringa melanoleuca Rather common.
029 Lesser Yellowlegs Tringa flavipes Rather common.
030 Spotted Sandpiper Actitis macularia Rather common.
031 Upland Sandpiper Bartramia longicauda 4 birds seen in a field.
032 Short-billed Dowitcher Limnodromus griseus 2 birds in a river near Montreal.
033 Ruddy Turnstone Arenaria interpres Seen once only.
034 Least Sandpiper Calidris minutilla A few birds seen several times on mud banks.
035 Semipalmated Sandpiper Calidris pusilla A few birds. Looks a lot like the previous species.
036 Northern Gannet Morus bassanus Very common in the estuary.
037 Black-legged Kittiwake Rissa tridactyla Rather common near the cliffs of Gaspesie.
038 Bonaparte's Gull Larus philadelphia Seen mainly in Forillon Park and around Tadoussac.
039 Ring-billed Gull Larus delawarensis Very common and tame everywhere.
040 American Herring Gull Larus smithsonianus Common around the estuary.
041 Great Black-backed Gull Larus marinus Rather common in the estuary.
042 Common Tern Sterna hirundo A few birds.
043 Caspian Tern Hydroprogne caspia One bird on the Saint-Lawrence.
044 Black Tern Chlidonias niger A nesting colony near Montreal.
045 Turkey Vulture Cathartes aura Commoner and commoner. The way it hovers with its wings raised in a shallow V is typical.
046 Bald Eagle Haliaeetus leucocephalus Seen a few times. Up to 12 birds at Deschambault.
047 Osprey Pandion haliaetus One in a marsh and another flying over the Saint-Lawrence.
048 Broad-winged Hawk Buteo platypterus A few birds only.
049 Red-tailed Hawk Buteo jamaicensis A few. I expected to see many more.
050 Hen Harrier Circus cyaenus Seen once only.
051 American Kestrel Falco sparverius Probably the commonest raptor.
052 Merlin Falco columbarius A few birds.
053 Peregrine Falcon Falco peregrinus 2 immatures in Montreal and a family at Niagara Falls.
054 Grey Partridge Perdix perdix A family seen in a field.
055 Ruffed Grouse Bonasa umbellus Seen twice. A bird with 11 chicks in Mounts Chic-Choc.
056 Rock Dove Columba livia Very common.
057 Mourning Dove Zenaida macroura Common. Easy to determine with its long tail when perched on electric lines.
058 Eastern Phoebe Sayornis phoebe One bird only.
059 Great Crested Flycatcher Myiarchus crinitus One bird seen for a few seconds.
060 Eastern Kingbird Tyrannus tyrannus Rather common in certain places.
061 Eastern Wood-Pewee Contopus virens One bird in Mont Royal Park, Montreal.
062 Least Flycatcher Empidonax minimus One bird in Forillon Park.
063 Yellow-bellied Flycatcher Empidonax flaviventris One bird at Cape Tourmente.
064 Alder Flycatcher Empidonax alnorum Heard quite frequently.
065 Willow Flycatcher Empidonax traillii Pretty rare. Its cry helps make it out from the previous species.
066 Chimney Swift Chaetura pelagica Common in large cities.
067 Tree Swallow Tachycineta bicolor A few birds.
068 Northern Rough-winged Swallow Stelgidopteryx serripennis Seen a few times, very often near water.
069 Sand Martin Riparia riparia A few birds.
070 Cliff Swallow Petrochelidon pyrrhonata Rather common.
071 Barn Swallow Hirundo rustica Rather common.
072 Ruby-throated Hummingbird Archilocus colibris Visits bird feeders at Cape Tourmente. Rather aggressive with birds of the same species.
073 Belted Kingfisher Megaceryle alcyon Seen several times.
074 Blue Jay Cyanocitta cristata One bird flying over a wood.
075 Common Raven Corvus corax Seen several times in mountainous areas.
076 American Crow Corvus brachyrhynchos Rather common.
077 Common Grackle Quiscalus quiscula Common.
078 Red-winged Blackbird Agelaius phoeniceus Common.
079 Brown-headed Cowbird Molothrus ater A few birds.
080 Common Starling Sturnus vulgaris Common.
081 Bobolink Dolichonyx oryzivorus A few groups.
082 Downy Woodpecker Picoides pubescens One bird only.
083 Hairy Woodpecker Picoides villosus Seen in Mont Royal Park, Montreal.
084 Pileated Woodpecker Dryocopus pileatus A memorable observation of 2 immature birds in Mont Royal Park, Montreal.
085 Northern Flicker Colaptes auratus Rather common.
086 Black-capped Chickadee Poecile atricapillus A few birds.
087 Red-breasted Nuthatch Sitta canadensis One bird in a wood of Bic Park.
088 House Wren Troglodytes aedon One bird only.
089 Sedge Wren Cistothorus platensis Difficult to see.
090 Veery Catharus fuscenscens One bird only.
091 American Robin Turdus migratorius A few birds.
092 Red-eyed Vireo Vireo olivaceus More easily heard than seen.
093 Yellow Warbler Dendroica petechia Seen once only.
094 Common Yellowthroat Geothlypis trichas Seen once only.
095 Nashville Warbler Vermivora ruficapilla Seen at the edge of a forest in Manicouagan.
096 American Redstart Setophaga ruticilla A beautiful bird, seen twice.
097 Black-and-white Warbler Mniotilta varia One bird flying over a small river.
098 White-throated Sparrow Zonotrichia albicollis Seen and heard, especially in Manicouagan. A marvellous singer.
099 Dark-eyed Junco Junco hyemalis 3 birds in a wood of Bic Park.
100 Rufous-sided Towhee Pipilo erythrophtalmus A beautiful bird, spotted by Michel Bertrand.
101 Song Sparrow Melospiza melodia Rather common.
102 Savannah Sparrow Passerculus sandwichensis Rather common. Looks a lot like the Song Sparrow but its shorter tail helps make the difference.
103 Chipping Sparrow Spizella passerina Rather common.
104 FieldSparrow Spizella pusilla Rare in Quebec but Michel Bertrand took us to the best spots.
105 Swamp Sparrow Melospiza georgiana Seen several times in marshes.
106 Eastern Meadowlark Sturnella magna Seen in meadows.
107 House Sparrow Passer domesticus Very common.
108 Cedar Waxwing Bombycilla cedrorum Rather common and easy to spot at the top of large trees.
109 Rose-breasted Grosbeak Pheuctitus ludovicianus 4 birds seen with Michel Bertrand.
110 Baltimore Oriole Icterus galbula 4 birds seen together.
111 Indigo Bunting Passerina cyanea A beautiful bird seen thanks to Michel Bertrand.
112 Purple Finch Carpodacus purpureus One individual seen at a bird feeder in the forest.
113 American Goldfinch Carduelis tristis Rather common. Once you know its cry, you can find it rather easily.

 

Other species:

 

Eastern Chipmunk (Tamias striatus)
Grey Squirrel (Sciurus carolinensis)
Red Squirrel (Tamiasciurus hudsonicus): Smaller than our Common Squirrel.
Porcupine (Erethizon dorsatum): Often found dead on the roads.
Woodchuck (Marmota monax)
Virginia Deer (Odocoileus virginianus):  4 seen from a train.
Black Bear (Ursus americanus)

Harbour Seal (Phoca vitulina)
Grey Seal (Halichoerus grypus)

Harbour Porpoise (Phocoena phocoena)
Beluga Whale (Delphinapterus leucas)
Minke Whale (Balaenoptera acutorostrata)
Fin Whale (Balaenoptera physalus)

 


 

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